Regional and seasonal differences in microplankton biomass, productivity, and structure across the Scotia Sea: Implications for the export of biogenic carbon

first_imgSurveys of the microplankton communities of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, were carried out during three separate seasons of interest, spring, summer, and autumn of consecutive years. The surveys were conducted along a south to north transect and covered areas of low and high productivity, as well as crossing deep, open water and shallow, bathymetric features. During the summer and autumn cruises, cluster analysis revealed four distinct communities that were broadly consistent between cruises. From south to north the zones in which the communities fell were as follows: SOUTH, stations in the south Scotia Sea; MID, stations in the central Scotia Sea; SW-SG, stations southwest of the island of South Georgia; and NW-SG, stations northwest of South Georgia. Two main groups dominated the microplankton communities in all zones and all seasons; diatoms and naked, heterotrophic dinoflagellates. However, the proportion of these groups, and the species of diatom present, varied between zones and between seasons. In the SOUTH zone, a cryptophyte bloom was observed during summer. Spring and autumn communities showed similar levels of Chl a (0.6–1.5 mg m−3) but shifted to increasing numbers and biomass of heavily silicified diatoms (Fragilariopsis spp. and Corethron pennatum). Dense, spring blooms of the MID zone were dominated by a weakly silicified diatom, Thalassiosira spp. This contrasted with production 10 times lower (∼0.2 g C m−2 d−1) during the dinoflagellate composed, summer and autumn cruises. Closer to the island of South Georgia, lightly silicified diatoms became increasingly prevalent. In the SW-SG zone, such diatoms were found both in low Chl a (0.3 mg m−3) spring-time waters and in short-lived summer blooms. Autumn communities saw a switch to dinoflagellates co-inciding with decreasing light levels and depletion of macronutrients. Downstream of South Georgia, in the NW-SG zone, high productivity (up to 2.8 g C m−2 d−1) and long lasting blooms (3–6 months) were found on all seasons surveyed. The NW-SG microplankton consisted of a mixed community with both heavily and weakly silicified diatoms, but also significant amounts of heterotrophic dinoflagellates. Using bloom dynamics, microplankton structure and diatom speciation of our 4 Scotia Sea zones, we propose the following potential export regimes: (1) SOUTH – weak export of carbon, (2) MID – episodic, dense pulses of carbon may be exported, (3) SW-SG – modest pulses of carbon may be exported, and (4) NW-SG – high export of biogenic carbon likely to occur.last_img read more

O.C. Gears up for U.S. Census

first_imgThe time to fill out U.S. Census 2020 forms is coming up. (Images courtesy of the U.S. Census Bureau) By MADDY VITALEThe official U.S. Census takes place only once every 10 years and can be a vital tool to assess needs in a community, programs and growth, and it is coming up this spring.Ocean City is not going to be left out, officials said.The community created a committee, made up of representatives from the city, schools, churches and businesses, to work together to create awareness about the importance of everybody being counted.“With Ocean City’s transient population, it’s especially vital for everybody to participate, so we can take full advantage of all the funding and service opportunities available to us. It’s easy to do,” explained Doug Bergen, a census committee member and also the city’s public information officer.He continued, “Starting in mid-March, brief surveys will be available online. People also can respond by phone or mail.”Key information about the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2020 census is provided in a fact sheet at www.2020census.gov.Perhaps the one that affects U.S. residents the most is the fact that $675 billion in federal funds, grants and support to states, counties and communities are based on census data.That money is spent on schools, hospitals, roads, public works and other vital programs.In addition, residents use census data to support community initiatives involving legislation, quality of life and consumer advocacy, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.This information is part of a U.S. Census Bureau presentation on the 2020 census.Lori S. Carlin, of the U.S. Census Bureau, is a partnership specialist for Atlantic and Cape May counties.Carlin said she is pleased to be working with Ocean City and other Cape May County communities that are showing a commitment to promoting the 2020 Census.She emphasized the importance of filling out census forms.“It’s safe, secure and important,” she said Wednesday of the forms.There are many ways a person can do their civic duty.“Snowbirds need to know from their hometowns, like Ocean City, that they can fill out the nine questions at www.2020census.gov online or request a paper questionnaire,” Carlin pointed out. “If they don’t do either, then a census taker will begin knocking on their door in May.”Carlin explained how important census results are to communities.“Simply, the census is about power and money all relating to a person’s commitment to investing in their community by a once a decade population count only,” she said.Census Day is April 1, but the census questionnaire will be available online on March 12, she said. It’s against the law for the Census Bureau to publicly release a person’s responses.“There are over 130 difference surveys that the census conducts year after year. The 2020 Census is coming,” Carlin said. “Education will hopefully dismiss confusion and lack of trust.”For more information, visit www.2020census.gov. Any members of the public who have concerns or wish to report a scam may visit [email protected]gov.There are three ways to complete the 2020 census forms, on paper, online or by phone.last_img read more

Bakels acquires Aromatic

first_imgBakels has acquired Aromatic AB, a Swedish supplier of bakery ingredients, for an undisclosed sum, British Baker can reveal. The deal for the privately-owned family business, which was established in 1936, was signed on Wednesday and will see Aromatic become part of Bakels from 1 January 2012, when it completes. The move is the second acquisition by Bakels in 2011, after the global company purchased Swiss firm Nutribake AG in the first quarter.Aromatic, with its head office and production based in Stockholm, Sweden operates subsidiaries in Germany, Poland, the UK, Hungary, Switzerland, Turkey and the USA. It is also represented in many other markets of the world through an extensive network of experienced agents and distributors.The acquisition is a complementary fit in many markets – both geographically and in terms of product mix –  and allows Bakels and Aromatic to benefit from each other’s knowledge and network, said Bakels, announcing the deal. Armin Ulrich, chief executive and chairman of Bakels, said: “Our ambition is to become a global product leader with high-quality functional products for the bakery ingredients market. With the acquisition of Aromatic, we are adding substantial technical product knowledge to our organisation – particularly emulsified products, where we see excellent opportunities within our worldwide network.” Mats Persson, chief executive of Aromatic, added: “With the owner of Aromatic having decided to sell all shares in the company, the acquisition by Bakels was the best possible scenario to realise future synergies commercially and in manufacturing. The worldwide Bakels network, shared technologies and the wide range of products within Bakels will give many opportunities for Aromatic to grow the business further.”Aromatic will in principle retain its brand and sales organisation, allowing for continuity in serving present customers by the current sales and technical staff. Bakels, also a privately owned group of companies, has been a successful player in the development, production and marketing of bakery ingredients since 1904. In the UK, managing director Ade Abass left the group in September and was replaced on an interim basis by Paul Morrow.last_img read more

Plans move forward for Tolson Center renovation

first_img Google+ IndianaLocalNews Twitter Plans move forward for Tolson Center renovation Twitter By Brooklyne Beatty – November 19, 2020 0 359 Facebook WhatsApp (Photo supplied/ABC 57) Plans to improve the Tolson Center are moving forward.Back in March, the City of Elkhart agreed to pay $5-million toward the cost of tearing down, and rebuilding, the center on Benham Avenue.RELATED: Funding moving forward for changes at the Tolson CenterThe project will cost $11-million in total, with the remaining $6-million anticipated to come from the Community Foundation of Elkhart County, private donations and grants, according to The Elkhart Truth.Once the center is rebuilt, it will no longer be operated by the City of Elkhart but by a not-for-profit that will be paid by the city to run it. It’s expected to cost the city $700,000 each year.Construction is expected to begin next year, with committees currently focusing on specific aspects of the project, including buildings, park design, programming and more.The board is looking for volunteers to be part of the committees. Those interested can contact the organization by emailing [email protected]center_img Pinterest Facebook Google+ WhatsApp Pinterest TAGS$11-millionBenham Avenuecity of elkhartConstructionElkhartIndianarenovationTolson Center Previous articlePandemic sparks rise in hunting, fishing licensesNext articleCharlie Brown’s Thanksgiving coming to PBS this weekend Brooklyne Beattylast_img read more

Lettuce, Oteil, Medeski, And More Play Through First Jazz Fest Weekend [Photos]

first_imgPhotos: Jeremy Scott – Jazz Fest Late Nights, 4/30/2017 & 5/1/2017 Load remaining images Load remaining images Photos: Adam McCullough – Jazz Fest Late Nights, 5/1/2017 Following the kick-off of this year’s Jazz Fest in New Orleans this past weekend, the city is still in full swing. As the week in between weekend one and weekend two of the music-lover mecca unfolds, there’s still no lack of things to do around the Crescent City, as evidenced by the late-night going-ons over the past two nights. On Sunday night, after the last of the official Jazz Fest performances for the first weekend had wrapped up, funk masters Lettuce took to Tipitina’s Uptown to keep the party going.Monday marked the start of the “Daze In Between,” as well as the start of New Orleans Crawfish Festival, which saw the stellar duo of Cris Jacobs and Ivan Neville grace its stages. Jacobs then moseyed to Chickie Wah Wah for a joint performance with Papa Mali which followed a performance by Luther Dickenson & Friends, which included the likes of Terence Higgins, Brady Blade, Roosevelt Collier, Eric Vogel, Sasha Brown, and Michael Carubba. At One Eyed Jacks, Organ Freeman was posted up along with MonoNeon and Mike Dillon. The Howlin’ Wolf was, predictably, also goin’ off, with Funkify Night, which featured members of The Nth Power, Dumpstaphunk, Corey Henry’s Treme Funktet, and Snarky Puppy getting into some ’80’s funk jams.As always, Jazz Fest is the place to be this time of year, and this is only a small yet enviable sampling of the incredible musical collaborations going down across the town. For those of you missing out this year, you can catch up on some of the action with our photo recap of Sunday’s and Monday’s festivities. You can check out photos of these late-night parties below, courtesy of photographer Jeremy Scott. You can also check out Adam McCullough‘s gallery of  Johnny Vidacovich, Oteil Burbridge, and John Medeski with Kofi Burbridge at the dba on Monday. Plus, for an added bonus, watch this short video of Organ Freeman, MonoNeon, and Mike Dillon getting into at One Eyed Jacks below, courtesy of Kunj Shah.last_img read more

Kander & Ebb’s The Visit Will Record Cast Album

first_imgRevenge is a dish best served on iTunes and in stores. John Kander and Fred Ebb’s The Visit will record a cast album. The Broadway Records and Yellow Sound Label album will be released on June 26. The production, which stars Tony winners Chita Rivera and Roger Rees, opens at the Lyceum Theatre on April 23.John Kander and Fred Ebb’s The Visit is based on the classic Friedrich Dürrenmatt play (adapted by Maurice Valency) and features a book by Terrence McNally, with music by Kander and lyrics by Ebb. Claire Zachanassian is an often-widowed millionairess who pays a visit to her hardship-stricken birthplace. The locals hope she’ll bring them a new lease on life, but little do they know her offer to revitalize the town comes at a dreadful price.In addition to Rivera and Rees, the production features George Abud, Jason Danieley, Matthew Deming, Diana Dimarzio, David Garrison, Rick Holmes, Tom Nelis, Chris Newcomer, Mary Beth Peil, Aaron Ramey, Elena Shadow, Timothy Shew, John Riddle and Michelle Veintimilla. The Visit Related Shows View Comments Show Closed This production ended its run on June 14, 2015last_img read more

Agrarian Forum’s Conclusions Submitted for Peace Talks in Colombia

first_img The conclusions of an open agrarian forum, which aims at contributing to peace negotiations between the Colombian government and the communist FARC guerrillas, were submitted to both parties on January 9. The talks will resume in Cuba on Monday the 14th, the organizers informed. In the South American country, emissaries representing the United Nations (UN) and the National University of Colombia, which sponsored the forum, delivered the results to the government in Bogotá and to the FARC in Havana. The forum took place from December 17 to 19, as a result of a request made by both parties, which started negotiations in the Cuban capital on November 19, 2012, with an agreed agenda comprising of five points; the first being the agrarian problem in the country. Over 1,300 representatives of peasant organizations, trade unions, entrepreneurs, African descendants, indigenous people, women, victims of the Colombian armed conflict, institutions that favor a peace agreement, plus other sectors, attended the forum in Bogotá, said the submitted statement. A total of 546 proposals emerged in the forum, the statement specified. The UN and the National University highlighted the “extensive, pluralistic and diverse participation of Colombian society, which allowed the different regional visions and experiences to be expressed and conveyed in the proposals.” President Juan Manuel Santos has set November 2013 as the deadline to conclude the negotiations that, in his opinion, must put an end to the armed conflict with the FARC, with about 8,000 combatants, according to the latest disclosed figures by the Ministry of Defense. By Dialogo January 11, 2013last_img read more

Private investors hold their nerve

first_imgWould you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week.last_img

Trump refuses to promise transfer of power if he loses US vote

first_imgUS President Donald Trump on Wednesday refused to guarantee that he will transfer power if he loses the November election, earning scorn from his Democratic challenger Joe Biden and even from within his own party.”Well, we’re going to have to see what happens,” Trump responded when asked at a White House press conference whether he is committed to the most basic tenet of democratic rule in the United States — the peaceful handover of power upon a change of president.Biden, who holds a steady lead over the Republican incumbent in opinion polls ahead of the November 3 vote, expressed incredulity. ‘Get rid’ of ballots Trump followed up his remarks — unprecedented in modern times for a US president — by resuming his near daily complaint about the fairness of the election.Apparently referring to the increased use of mail-in ballots due to the coronavirus pandemic, he said: “You know that I’ve been complaining very strongly about the ballots and the ballots are a disaster.”Trump frequently claims that mail-in ballots are vulnerable to mass fraud and are being encouraged by Democrats to rig the election.However, there is no evidence that ballots sent through the postal service have ever led to significant fraud in US elections.At the press conference, Trump seemed to suggest annulling what are expected to be the huge numbers of mailed-in ballots, noting that in such a scenario, he would remain in power.”Get rid of the ballots and you’ll have a very peaceful — there won’t be a transfer, frankly. There’ll be a continuation,” he said.Trump’s latest insistence that there cannot be a free and fair presidential election came as pressure mounts over his plan to put a new, right-leaning justice on the Supreme Court.Trump is set to nominate a replacement on Saturday for the late liberal-leaning justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who died last week. His Republican Party, which has a majority in the Senate, is then expected to quickly confirm the nominee.If they succeed, the nine-justice court would then likely have a strongly pro-conservative bent for years to come.Democrats are crying foul, saying that the process should wait until the results of the election are known, allowing the winner to shape the Supreme Court.With Trump and the Republicans mounting a series of court challenges against the use of mail-in ballots, the chances of a contested election result are considered high.On Wednesday, Trump said he thinks the election “will end up in the Supreme Court.” Topics :center_img “What country are we in?” the former vice president said, when asked about Trump’s comment by reporters. “Look, he says the most irrational things. I don’t know what to say.”Republican Senator Mitt Romney, a frequent but rare party critic of Trump, went further, saying that any hesitation on the core constitution guarantee was “unthinkable and unacceptable.””Fundamental to democracy is the peaceful transition of power; without that, there is Belarus,” he tweeted.last_img read more

Gold Coast mansion sells for $15.5m in biggest deal since 2009

first_imgVideo Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 1:40Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -1:40 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels576p576p480p480p360p360p240p240pAutoA, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.This is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenQueensland Venetian Estate 01:41 Hoang says he was “gobsmacked” when he first walked through the five-bedroom home.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home3 hours agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor9 hours ago“Everything is immaculately finished,” he says. “They [the Spongs] obviously spent a fair bit of money on it.”Douglas Spong made his fortune as the founder of the Thin Air accessories business, which sold to surf brand Billabong at a time when the company’s revenue was around $45 million a year.Despite having handed over the keys, Hoang will continue to provide support to the new owners, a Chinese couple who own a local business.“The house is all computerised, they use an iPad and a computer system to turn on lights and things so it’s going to take them a while to get used to. Part of the part selling process was that we had to learn how to use the system… there will be continued support from us to the owners,” he says.The property was listed with other real estate agencies prior to being handled by The Venetian Real Estate. Hoang is thankful that he was the one to show the end-buyers through the doors.“It’s just amazing. I’m pretty happy that I sold it, I can’t see another property like that on the Gold Coast. I’ve sold other similar sized-properties on Hope Island and Sanctuary Cove but you cant compare them with something in this location,” he says. An elaborate Balinese-inspired estate that once hosted Dwayne ‘The Rock’ Johnston has sold for $15.5 million, the highest price recorded on the Gold Coast since 2009.57-63 The Corso lingered on the market for almost three years before finally selling this month.It is the biggest sale on the Gold Coast since billionaire Bruce Mathieson paid $18 million for the mansion at 1 Albatross Ave, Mermaid Beach in April 2009. Gallery (10 images)The wine cellar. Picture: The Venetian Real EstateSelling agent Doug Hoang, principal of The Venetian Real Estate in Robina, says the recent deal signifies a recovery for high-end real estate sales on the Gold Coast following the global financial crisis.“Certainly the market is coming back and with the sale of The Corso, it gives the market a bit more momentum. Potential sellers in that range will now have a bit more confidence,” Hoang says.Built by seller Mara Spong and then-husband Douglas in the 1990s, the property borrows from Balinese design with a lanai that looks out over the swimming pool, private beach and Gold Coast skyline.The 1630sqm house is set over two levels with five bedrooms, a theatre, a billiards room, a sauna and a heated spa.There is also a bar near the pool, a 7000-bottle temperature-controlled wine cellar and a massive barbecue area with room to entertain 200 people.When Mara Spong first began the property’s marketing campaign in 2013, it was advertised as having a replacement cost of more than $20 million.It may have taken three years to secure a buyer, but in 2014 Spong locked in a pretty high-profile tenant.Professional wrestler turned actor Dwayne ‘The Rock’ Johnston stayed at the home during the filming of the disaster movie San Andreas.Mornin’ greetings from the Gold Coast, Australia.. #RiseAndGrind #AussieLove pic.twitter.com/ZjU5ogG2NO— Dwayne Johnson (@TheRock) April 15, 2014last_img read more