14 November 2011The implementation of United Nations-mandated energy-efficiency measures will lead to a significant reduction in carbon emissions from ships and an increase in savings in fuel costs to the shipping industry, according to a study released today by the UN International Maritime Organization (IMO). The study found that by 2020 an average of 151.5 million tons of carbon dioxide will be reduced every year, and this figure will increase to 330 million tons by 2030. The measures to enhance fuel efficiency were introduced in July and entail technical as well as operational aspects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping. The regulations require new ships to be designed to be more energy efficient by making it mandatory to adopt the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI). The measures are non-prescriptive as ship designers and builders are free to use whatever solution they want for each particular ship as long as the required energy-efficiency level is attained.The new measures also require ships to implement a plan which sets out how energy savings can be made for each ship. Each package will differ depending on the type of ship, cargo and route, among other factors.The regulations will apply to all ships of 400 gross tonnage and above, and are expected to enter into force on 1 January 2013. This is the first time that energy-efficiency measures are mandated for the international transport sector. In a news release issued by the agency, the IMO said further work will be carried out on market-based measures next year. These measures would place a price on greenhouse gas emissions, providing an economic incentive for the maritime industry to invest in more fuel-efficient ships and technologies, and to operate ships in a more energy-efficient manner. In addition, these measures can generate funds that could be used, for other projects, such as mitigating climate change in developing countries.
The DMK-backed Tamil Eelam Supporters Organisation (TESO) Monday decided to approach the supreme court to cancel the 1974 agreement between India and Sri Lanka and also declare the islet Katchatheevu as part of India, IANS reported today.Interestingly, TESO seems to be veering towards AIADMK general secretary and Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa’s route. Regarding Katchatheevu, no such amendment was made and hence the transfer of the islet to Sri Lanka is void, TESO said.The meeting also urged the centre to provide protection to the Indian fishermen against the attacks from the Lankan Navy. According to TESO, the transfer of any part of Indian territory to another country has to be done by passing a constitutional amendment. In a meeting held in Chennai, members of TESO passed a resolution to approach the Supreme Court to declare the agreement between India and Sri Lanka, transferring Katchatheevu to the latter and declaring the islet in Palk Strait as part of India. In 2008, Jayalalithaa had filed a case in the Supreme Court challenging the transfer of Katchatheevu to Sri Lanka on the grounds that the transfer was not ratified by parliament by passing a constitutional amendment as per the court’s earlier ruling.Later the state government’s revenue department has also impleaded in the case as a party. An application to hear the case early has been filed with the Supreme Court.Katchatheevu is in the narrow sea dividing the two countries. The sea is rich in marine life, fishing for which has often led to clashes between Indian and Sri Lankan fishermen.