(Visited 546 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Bacteria are inescapable. They’re everywhere. Fortunately, many of them are here for good.Guess how many bacteria live in a grain of sand. [Pause to think.] According to the Max Planck Institute, a grain of sand is a metropolis for tiny life forms. “A single sand grain harbours up to 100,000 microorganisms from thousands of species.” Your visit to the beach will never be the same. The sand you sit on, build sand castles with and bury yourself in is crawling with germs. But not to worry; they’re good germs. They’re doing you and the world a favor by helping keep the ocean clean and keep earth’s nitrogen and carbon cycles going.Sand-dwelling bacteria play an important role in the marine ecosystem and global material cycles. Because these bacteria process, for example, carbon and nitrogen compounds from seawater and fluvial inflows, the sand acts as an enormous purifying filter. Much of what is flushed into the seabed by seawater doesn’t come back out.“Every grain of sand functions like a small bacterial pantry”, explains Probandt. They deliver the necessary supplies to keep the carbon, nitrogen and sulphur cycles running. “Whatever the conditions may be that the bacterial community on a grain of sand is exposed to – thanks to the great diversity of the core community there is always someone to process the substances from the surrounding water.”Maybe you think you can escape the germs. You travel to Antarctica. Now are you germ-free? No; geoscientists from Tübingen University say that tiny globetrotters have beat you there. Surprisingly, the same kinds of bacteria live at both poles. This implies that they migrate around the world somehow, possibly by birds or humans, or maybe through the atmosphere. An article on Evolution News & Science Today reveals one possible method for world travel: dust particles in the clouds. Bacteria can live on tiny bits of dust that travel around the world:There are a hundred to a thousand eukaryotic cells per milliliter, and a thousand to ten thousand bacteria and archaea. These numbers vastly exceed cell counts from previous observations. “Clouds are extremely rich and diverse mosaics of multiple sources ecosystems,” the researchers say.Another article at Evolution News & Science Today explores the dirt under your feet. Desert crusts include photosynthetic microbes, research has shown, that support whole communities of organisms. Some of them may be responsible for reducing static electricity in the sand and soil. Without that function, the surface of the earth might be less habitable, as it appears to be on Mars and Titan, the article says.By now we should be gaining respect for the hordes of unseen life forms that surround us. These are not primitive, useless germs. They sense their environment to explore it, says a press release from the University of Barcelona. This appears to be true of cells in your body tissues as well. Even without eyes, cells are aware. Their paper in Nature explains how “force loading” gives cells their spatial sense. The press release likens this to “seeing” people around you by feeling their faces.Experiments at the Technical University of Munich showed some of the ways bacteria adapt to their surroundings. When food is scarce or plentiful, the organisms adapt their digestive systems by actively controlling the number of digestive enzymes they produce. Cells can sense their surroundings, move and adapt. Sand and rocks do not “sense their environment to explore it.” Such abilities require coded information to be expressed in molecular machines that can carry out these processes intentionally.Update 12/21/17: For the first time scientists have directly observed living bacteria in polar ice and snow (Science Daily). “For the first time scientists have directly observed living bacteria in polar ice and snow — an environment once considered sterile.” Dr Kelly Redeker stated, “the fact that we have observed metabolically active bacteria in the most pristine ice and snow is a sign of life proliferating in environments where you wouldn’t expect it to exist.” Without any evidence for extraterrestrial microbes, or even with any notion that it is possible for them to arise by chance, he added: “This suggests we may be able to broaden our horizons when it comes to thinking about which planets are capable of sustaining life.”The globe is saturated with coded information. Bacteria even life on the ocean floor, conducting electricity to the surrounding water (11/10/12). It may be that, as reported on 6/06/14, the Earth needs inhabitants to be habitable. Where does coded information come from? There is only one cause we know of for it: intelligence.For more wonders of the world, consider the new book by two CEH contributors, Spacecraft Earth: A Guide for Passengers. To get a taste of this book’s treasure chest of amazing facts, you can read about 30 pages in a Sneak Peek available from the Publisher, Creation Ministries International.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Fennig Equipment is putting the versatility of a Hagie sprayer to good use. The Ohio Ag Net’s Dale Minyo visits with Adam Fennig about setting up the Hagie to not only see cover crops, but to also apply dry fertilizer.
A well-composed frame within a frame can fracture screen space, add depth, and create visual interest in your cinematic compositions.Top Image: Paris, Texas via 20th Century FoxCrafting a cinematic frame within a frame is easier than you think. By utilizing your shooting location and positioning your characters in the right spot, you can create a beautifully cinematic frame within a frame. Let’s take a look at a few of the most famous examples of frame within a frame in Hollywood and how you can create them yourself.Geometry and Blocking a Frame Within a FrameA striking composition is all about geometry and the arrangement of the subjects, objects, and locations within your frame. An early step in setting up a cinematic frame within a frame is a keen awareness and organization of the physical elements with which you will be working. Thankfully, many of the frame within a frame elements that you can employ may already be available at the location. These include anything that breaks your frame into smaller sections: mirrors, windows, doors, trees, and power lines.It is a good rule of thumb to work under the assumption that whatever you include within a frame will be viewed as an intentional stylistic choice when it’s time to show your work to an audience. For this reason, storyboarding and pre-production are crucial in planning out effective ways for you to divide your frame during production.Twilight Zone Episode “Mirror Image” via MGMThe Z-AxisThe cinematic frame within a frame is achieved by understanding the importance of the Z-axis when composing your shot. This breaks down to a consideration of the foreground, mid-ground, and background in each and every shot that you intend to capture. Think of your Z-axis as a hallway that moves away from you in space, kind of like the creepy hallways in Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining:The Shining via WarnerIn the above image from The Shining, the foreground figure is framed within the carpeted floor of the hallway. The two girls up the hall are framed both within the hallway walls and within the window frame behind them. It’s important to understand that the cinematic frame within a frame happens constantly in motion pictures, but the power and usefulness of the device arises when it is used purposefully.Shapes and PatternsA cinematic frame within a frame is not limited to a rectangular shape. Any shape or form may be used as a secondary framing device within your shot as long as it somehow surrounds your subject. Andrei Tarkovsky and his cinematographer, Vadim Yusov, used a jagged frame within a frame in the film, Ivan’s Childhood:Ivan’s Childhood via MosfilmQuentin Tarantino and his cinematographer, Robert Richardson, used multiple rectangular frames and a circular frame in this shot for Kill Bill Vol. 1:Kill Bill via MiramaxKar-Wai Wong and his cinematographer, Christopher Doyle, made use of frame within a frame many times during the film, In the Mood for Love:In the Mood for Love via Block 2 PicturesWim Wenders and cinematographer, Robby Müller, used a reflection to achieve a very unusual frame within a frame for this shot from Paris, Texas:Paris, Texas via Twentieth Century FoxDeeper MeaningMeaning will always arise from your composition choices and using a frame within a frame is no different. If the frame within a frame is tight and restrictive, this may indicate claustrophobia, as can be seen in the opening of The Graduate:The Graduate via MGMIn the above image, we see Ben (played by Dustin Hoffman) sitting in front of a fish tank. He’s trying to figure out what to do with his life after graduating from college. Notice how the seaweed in the tank creates an enclosed frame around Ben’s head. This seaweed can be read as a visualization of Ben’s anxiety. The little figure pointing a harpoon at Ben’s head adds a nice comical touch.Ben’s father enters frame, replacing the harpooner, and creates a second and more oppressive frame within a frame.Later in the film, Ben will be enclosed by the leg of Mrs. Robinson.Steven Spielberg and his cinematographer Janusz Kaminski used circles to interesting effect in the film Artificial Intelligence: AI. In the image below, the circular lamp fixture suggests the isolation of the young robot, played by Haley Joel Osment, at the dinner table with his “parents.”AI via WarnerLater in the film, the circular frame within a frame is used to suggest a chance at fulfilling the main character’s purpose.AI via WarnerThere is no standardized meaning for a frame within a frame. It all depends on the content and your own purpose and intention as a creator. However, certain trends in the meaning of cinematic frame within a frame do tend to arise.Imprisonment and IsolationIda via OpusBecause the frame within a frame can so easily suggest a form of entrapment or identity in conflict, using vertical lines of any kind can be read as an imprisonment for your character.One of the more interesting uses of this isolated imprisonment appeared in American Beauty by way of the computer monitor.American Beauty via DreamworksAlong with the sense of isolation, the cinematic frame within a frame can indicate character conflict and separation. This early shot from The Gift foreshadows the trouble to come and reminds us that prison cells can also be made of glass.The Gift via Blue-Tongue FilmsThe Ipcress FileThe Ipcress File, released in 1965, has a heaping portion of cinematic frame within frame, which adds to the fitting paranoia of the classic spy thriller. The use of frame within a frame in the film has gotten some much-deserved attention from Vashi Nedomansky in one of his awesome video compilations:ConclusionThe cinematic frame within a frame is your chance to divide the composition of your shot using geometric lines of various shapes and sizes. Whether you choose to use foreground or backgrounds shapes to create this effect, the technique of cinematic frame within a frame can emphasize and highlight the underlying meanings within your story and break up the information in your frame for maximum impact.What are your favorite examples of a frame within a frame? Share in the comments below.
View comments MOST READ Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City FEU sends UST reeling to fourth straight loss Read Next E.T. returns to earth, reunites with grown-up Elliott in new ad BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight What he initially thought as a minor issue turned out to be way worse, as his kidneys began to shut down and was on the brink of congestive heart failure, according to The New York Post.“My daughter [Charlotte] told me that the doctor told her to go see me — that I wasn’t going to make it,” Flair shared. “I had no idea it was that bad. Wendy never told me.”As it turned out, Flair’s years of alcohol abuse was the main culprit—a condition he didn’t even know he had.“I didn’t think I was an alcoholic, but obviously I was,” he admitted.Flair also confessed that he had never taken a pain pill in his life, but often relied on booze to ease the pain from his wrestling injuries.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES But a after a recent health scare that nearly cost him his life, Flair has changed his tune and has vowed to “never drink again.”WWE: Pro wrestler Ric Flair out of surgery and restingFEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“It scared the sh*t out of me,” the “Nature Boy” recalled his harrowing experience in an interview with People TV. “I never want to go through this again.”Flair recalled experiencing an upset stomach last month, which prompted his fiancee, Wendy Barlow, to rush him to the hospital. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles01:37PNP vows dismissal for cadets in alleged hazing at PNPA00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary Still, the “Limousine Ridin’, Jet Flyin’, Kiss Stealin’, Wheelin’ Dealin’, Son of a Gun” said he remained sober while performing for his countless fans.“I never drank when I was working,” he said. “But as soon as work was over, I went right to the mill.” Khristian Ibarrola /ra Retired professional wrestler Rick Flair, the subject of the documentary “30 for 30: Nature Boy” participates in a panel during the ESPN Television Critics Association Summer Press Tour at the Beverly Hilton on Wednesday, July 26, 2017, in Beverly Hills, California. (Photo by Chris Pizzello/Invision/AP)Aside from his trademark “Woo!” yell, World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) Hall of Famer Rick Flair is perhaps best known for his overly outgoing personality and carefree attitude.The 68-year-old retired professional wrestler certainly knew how to live his life, and admitted his penchant for consuming alcohol on a daily basis.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients
Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken WATCH: Firefighters rescue baby seal found in parking garage MOST READ Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Roger Federer. AFP FILE PHOTOLONDON—Twelve months after shutting down his season in the wake of a devastating semi-final defeat, Roger Federer returns to Wimbledon as favorite to capture a record-breaking eighth title and become the tournament’s oldest champion.The evergreen Swiss superstar, who turns 36 in August, has stunned the critics who wrote him off as yesterday’s man when he went down to Milos Raonic in five grueling sets on Centre Court in 2016.ADVERTISEMENT Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend “So I’m happy to react right away and remind myself I actually can play well on grass.“For tennis storylines of 2017, Federer shares top billing with Nadal after the Spaniard defied the doubters to win a 10th French Open.That took him to 15 Grand Slam titles, one ahead of Sampras and just three behind Federer.Bittersweet Nadal But for Nadal, Wimbledon has always been bittersweet.He was champion in 2008 — where he beat Federer in a final widely regarded as the greatest ever played — and 2010 as well as finishing runner-up in 2006, 2007 and 2011.Injury forced him to skip Wimbledon in 2009 and 2016 while the years 2012-2015 saw him lose to Lukas Rosol (world ranked 100), Steve Darcis (135), Nick Kyrgios (144) and Dustin Brown (102).A fourth round run in 2014 represents his best recent effort.Nadal admits that if he suffers a new problem with his knees on the Wimbledon grass, where the lower bounce of the ball piles more pressure on the legs and joints, then his visit to London may again be short-lived.“If I have pain in the knees, then I know from experience that it’s almost impossible,” said the 31-year-old. Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ LATEST STORIES Defending champion Murray is fresh off a first round exit at Queen’s at the hands of Australian world number 90 Jordan Thompson.The world number one, who was also Wimbledon champion in 2013, has failed to get past the second round in three of his last four tournaments.Short of grass court exposure, Murray headed to the luxurious surroundings of the Hurlingham Club in west London for an exhibition tournament.Equally desperate for game time is Djokovic, the three-time Wimbledon champion who travelled to Eastbourne hoping the sea air might breathe life into a career which is in freefall.The Serb was on top of the world just over 12 months ago when he arrived at Wimbledon with all four Grand Slams in his possession.However, a third round loss to Sam Querrey set him on a slide which has been more or less constant ever since.His ranking has slipped from one to four and he’s parted with coaches Boris Becker and Marian Vajda.The jury is still out on his decision to hire Andre Agassi while his quarter-final loss at Roland Garros to Dominic Thiem was his first in straight sets at the majors in four years.The 6-0 ‘bagel’ handed to him in the third set by the young Austrian was the first time he had suffered such an indignity in 12 years.“All the top players go through this. I have to get through it and learn the lessons and come back stronger. It’s a big challenge but I am up for it,” said the 30-year-old Serb. What ‘missteps’? World’s 50 Best Restaurants launches new drinking and dining guide Federer, who captured a fifth Australian Open in January, will go into Wimbledon buoyed by a ninth title on the grass of Halle.His final demolition of Alexander Zverev, 15 years his junior and a player seen as his natural heir, came just a week after he marked his return from a 10-week break by losing in the first round in Stuttgart.It was his first defeat in an opening round on his favorite surface since his shock loss to Mario Ancic at Wimbledon in 2002.However, Federer believes his Stuttgart setback came at the right time ahead of Wimbledon.“I was doubting myself a little bit, I must admit, because losing in the opening round for the first time in 15 years on grass was always going to shake me a little bit and it did,” said Federer who has lost just two matches all year.ADVERTISEMENT Myers to beef up Gilas in Jones Cup 1 dead in Cavite blast, fire Cayetano to unmask people behind ‘smear campaign’ vs him, SEA Games View comments The loss forced him off tour for the remainder of the year to rest a knee injury, leaving his Grand Slam title count on 17 where it had been since 2012.Fast forward a year and Federer is poised to break the tie for seven Wimbledon titles he shares with Pete Sampras and take his career tally at the majors to 19.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutREAD: Federer done resting as he begins Wimbledon prepWith eternal rivals Andy Murray and Novak Djokovic in slumps of varying lengths and degrees of seriousness, and Rafael Nadal fretting over whether or not his knees will bear the stress of grass courts, it is Federer in the box seat. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games
The Australian Men’s, Women’s and Mixed Open sides will take to the field against New Zealand at the Glen Willow Regional Sporting Complex, Mudgee, in a three day contest from Thursday, 26 April 2012 until Saturday, 28 April. The three game series will take place on Thursday night, Friday night and Saturday afternoon, with times to be confirmed closer to the event. Players will also march in the ANZAC Day parade in Mudgee on Wednesday, 25 April prior to the event. It is symbolic that they will meet on the ANZAC weekend, an occasion very special to both proud nations. Australia is still on a high from its 2011 World Cup performance, winning all three Open titles against the Kiwis and is hopeful of defending its Trans Tasman title, while New Zealand is determined to reverse the result and cause an upset to the Australian teams in their own backyard. For more information, please see the attached media release. Stay tuned to the Trans Tasman website in the lead up to the 2012 Trans Tasman Test Series for all of the latest news and information. http://www.sportingpulse.com/assoc_page.cgi?c=1-6460-0-0-0 Related Filesttts_media_release_v1-pdf
Instagram/Taylor LewanMichigan State has owned Michigan on the gridiron in recent history, winning seven of the last eight matchups between the two programs. But one prominent former Wolverine is tired of living in the past, and Wednesday he had a little fun at the expense of his new Tennessee Titans teammate – a former Spartan.Former Michigan offensive tackle Taylor Lewan, who was drafted 11th overall back in 2014, apparently wasn’t a fan of what former Michigan State offensive tackle Jack Conklin, who was drafted eighth overall this year, had hanging in his locker room. Lewan, after seeing Conklin’s Spartans jersey, playfully told him to “grow up” on Instagram. He added a “Go Blue” for fun too. Lewan and Conklin are both expected to play prominent roles for the Titans this year.
The Kingston and St. Andrew Municipal Corporation (KSAMC) is staging a series of earthquake simulations across the municipality aimed at increasing preparedness and emergency response capabilities among various stakeholders. Jamaica Red Cross and the Earthquake Unit at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona, also partnered to execute the day’s activities.Ms. Forrester said that other simulations will be carried out throughout Kingston and St. Andrew.The objective is to assess, among other things, the response capability of the KSAMC Parish Disaster Committee; the response plans of Seprod and West Kingston Private Power Partners; the JFB’s capability to react based on the availability of staff and to coordinate with other entities; and the JCF’s traffic management and control system, and first-aid capabilities.While commending the preparedness of the entities involved, particularly the first responders, Ms. Forrester noted that there is always room for improvement.“We saw the emergency plans coming out in action and we saw the use of their safety monitors and safety procedures. We also saw the response entities, which are the Ministry of Health, the police and the fire brigade, coming out in their numbers to carry out search and rescue efforts,” she said.She noted that “with every exercise we know that there are going to be areas of weakness (which) is what we use to grow and strengthen our response. So we are comfortable with it, but we are not comfortable to the point where we can’t do better”.Organisations in Kingston and St. Andrew may contact the KSAMC for assistance in developing and testing emergency plans. “We simulated what would happen in the event of an earthquake and the effects thereafter, so a fire was also at the West Kingston Power Partners right after the earthquake,” she noted.The simulation was carried out by the Emergency Operations, Communications and Public Utilities Subcommittee of the KSAMC’s Parish Disaster Committee in collaboration with the Jamaica Fire Brigade (JFB), Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF), Kingston and St. Andrew Health Department, and the Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management (ODPEM).Seprod Limited staff gather at one of the company’s emergency assembly points after the building’s alarms were sounded in an earthquake drill at the company’s Marcus Garvey Drive facility on March 27. The exercise was coordinated by the Kingston and St. Andrew Municipal Corporation and included the neighbouring West Kingston Power Partners facility. “When West Kingston Power Partners approached us for a drill earlier on, we decided it would be best to engage both entities in the activity,” Parish Disaster Coordinator for Kingston and St. Andrew, Terry Forrester, told JIS News. The Kingston and St. Andrew Municipal Corporation (KSAMC) is staging a series of earthquake simulations across the municipality aimed at increasing preparedness and emergency response capabilities among various stakeholders.The first of such exercises was carried out on Wednesday (March 27) and involved the neighbouring entities of West Kingston Power Partners and Seprod Limited along Marcus Garvey Drive.“When West Kingston Power Partners approached us for a drill earlier on, we decided it would be best to engage both entities in the activity,” Parish Disaster Coordinator for Kingston and St. Andrew, Terry Forrester, told JIS News.Kingston and St. Andrew Parish Disaster Coordinator, Terry Forrester (seated centre), addresses a debriefing session following an earthquake simulation exercise at the West Kingston Power Partners and Seprod Limited Marcus Garvey Drive facilities on March 27. Story Highlights The first of such exercises was carried out on Wednesday (March 27) and involved the neighbouring entities of West Kingston Power Partners and Seprod Limited along Marcus Garvey Drive.
APTN National NewsAPTN National News has been running a special series called, Perspectives On.All week, APTN National News is going to bring you stories from across the country about suicide.Suicide occurs on reserves and in Canada’s North on a much higher scale than other parts of Canada.So what are people doing about it?We’re going to hear about a number of issues including the need to remove the stigma and communities talking.The stories begin in British Columbia and a First Nation in crisis.APTN National News reporter Rob Smith has this story.