Bending the norm on nanowires Scientists have discovered how to align silver nanowires in a controlled manner with an electric field. Their technique offers a possible route to sculpting and writing on nanowires, an ability that will likely have applications in industrial manufacturing. This series of scanning electron microscope images shows how increasing an electric field can align a bundle of silver nanowires, from disordered (a) to highly aligned (d). The white arrow indicates the direction of the electric current, which caused silver ions to migrate in the opposite direction. Credit: Jialin Sun Citation: Electric field can align silver nanowires (2006, May 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2006-05-electric-field-align-silver-nanowires.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Silver, one of the most precious metals for its shimmering beauty, also has the highest electrical conductivity of all metals. This property enabled a team of scientists from the Tsinghua University P.R. China to observe that a direct current electric field can align one-dimensional, 60 nm-diameter silver nanowires. The ability to control silver nanowire alignment will likely lead to the development of nanoelectronics as well as nanoscale photonic structures.“This is the first time an electric field has been used to align silver nanowires,” Jialin Sun, coauthor of the paper recently published in Nanotechnology, told PhysOrg.com. “The high quality alignment of nanowires can help form optimal nanoscale optoelectronic devices with periodic structure.”The electric field-alignment technique works because of the fact that the silver compound used by the scientists is a solid electrolyte at room temperature. As an electrolyte, silver ions can roam freely, and diverge from their crystalline lattices. So when the scientists applied an electric field, the disordered silver ions were free to align themselves under the field.The study also found that the degree of alignment increased with an increase of the electric field strength. The series of images above, taken by a scanning electron microscope, shows the effect of progressive electric field strengths on a bundle of silver nanowires. In the experiment, the silver ions tended to migrate along the direction of the current, causing the nanowires to “grow” parallel to the direction opposite the current. In the case of the strongest (400 V m-1) electric field, the nanowire bundle clustered into a dense, sheet-like structure. In fact, the nanowires actually became denser after the applied electric field, further enhancing their usability for nanoelectronics applications.“The alignment of nanowires can be effectively controlled by adjusting the applied DCEF [direct current electric field] strength between the two electrodes, and improved by increasing the DCEF strength,” the scientists wrote.In addition to the novelty, this method’s ease of preparation has smoothed the road toward prospective applications. Because the electric field-alignment technique can occur at room temperature, at normal atmospheric pressure and without any complicated and collapsible templates, the method has overcome many of the challenges of current approaches to nanowire alignment.“It is believed that the synthesized alignment of metallic nanowires can be easily realized under normal conditions,” said Sun. “This technique will be very important for the process of industrial manufacturing. For example, this method can be used for the preparation of metallic nano-circuits, nanowire-grid polarizers, nanoscale photon crystals, nanoscale optical wave guides, and so on.”The scientists also project that an electric field could “sculpt” nanowire structures, drawing lines and shapes with a scanning tunneling microscope. Citation: Cao, Yang, et al. “A technique for controlling the alignment of silver nanowires with an electric field.” Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 2378-2380.By Lisa Zyga, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.com
Physicists at the University of Pierre & Marie Curie Physiques Laboratory in Paris have developed a general theory that allows accurate evaluation of the mean First Passage Time, (FTP) in complex media. The lead scientist, S. Condamin, O. Benichou, V. Trejedor, and R. Voituriez in Paris combined efforts with J. Klafter of Tel Aviv University in Israel to accurately assess FTP in complex situations, heretofore the calculation was based on one dimensional geometries or to higher spatial dimensions in homogeneous media.The importance of calculating FTP can best be understood as pondering the question, “How long does it take a random walker to reach a given target.” The FTP is critical in assessing and predicting spreading of disease, neuron firing dynamics, and transport of disordered media. Over the past decades scientists from various disciplines have studied and researched the predictability of FTP .The title of the Letter report is entitled, First Passage Times in Complex Scale Invariant Media was published in Nature 450, at pages 77-80 on November 1, 2007. The scientists state that they have developed an analytical approach that provides a universal scaling dependence of the mean FTP on both the volume of the confining domain and the source-target distance. The scientists have performed various numerical simulation tests for representative models of disordered media, fractals, anomalous diffusion, and scale-free networks. The results of their research is applicable to a broad range of stochastic processes characterized by length, scale invariant properties. Further information and request for materials may be directed to Dr. O. Benichou at benichou (at)lptmc.jussieu.fr. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. First Passage Time, (FTP) can best be understood by pondering the question, “How long does it take a random walker to reach a given target?” The FTP is key to predicting the spread of disease, neuron firing dyanmics and more. Predicting FTP in Complex Models Citation: French Physicists Calculate Mean First Passage Time (2007, November 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-11-french-physicists-passage.html
Copyright 2011 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. That’s really the big frontier right now is for computers, in general, to master human emotions.Emotion is not some sideshow to human intelligence. It’s actually the most complicated intelligent thing we do, being funny, getting the joke, expressing a loving sentiment. That’s the cutting edge of human intelligence. If we were to say intelligence is only logical intelligence, computers are already smarter than us. I believe it’s going to be about over the next 20 years where we close that gap in terms of human superiority today in emotional intelligence. Today computers can understand human emotions in certain situations. Watson, the IBM computer that won Jeopardy, did have to understand some things about human emotion to master the language in that game, but they’re not yet at human levels. They’re getting there.True to the Singularity’s premise of accelerating technological innovation, this achievement may be arriving sooner expected: Recently, research conducted by Zoraida Callejas, David Griol and Ramón López-Cózar at the University of Granada and University of Madrid, has demonstrated a method for predicting a person’s mental state in spoken dialog from that individual’s emotional state and intention by means of a module bridging natural language understanding and dialogue management architecture.MIT wunderkind Alexander Wissner-Gross says that it will be sufficient for a post-Singularity AI to understand human feelings rather than having to develop emotive thought. In his much-anticipated talk, Planetary-Scale Intelligence, he suggested that a global human-level AI could emerge from the mathematical world of quantitative finance and high-frequency trading – and that it may already have. Alexander Wissner-Gross on “Planetary Scale Intelligence” at Singularity Summit 2011 In The Undivided Mind – Science and Imagination, filmmaker, aesthetic philosopher and ecstatic futurist Jason Silva – the speaker that most energized the crowd – called for passion and artistic sensibility to inform ideation and instantiation of the Singularity. Silva displayed this perspective by showing his short film The Beginning of Infinity, which visually expresses an epistemological epiphany. Silva is also the first guest to be interviewed on Critical Thought TV. VIDEO: THE BEGINNING OF INFINITY“What’s fantastic about having a Singularity Summit,” Silva notes, “is that it provides an anchor that gives legitimacy to these ideas – that they’re not just something on the fringe of academia. Our story then spills over into a variety of substrates – books, magazine articles, television, film, websites, and so on. However,” he points out, “I think they need to work on their aesthetic framing” – the essence of his talk – “which I hope provided an injection of art and design. As Rebecca Elson wrote in her book, A Responsibility to Awe, facts are only as interesting as the possibilities they open up to the imagination.” For Silva, one of those possibilities is our achieving the God-like qualities of immortality and omniscience long promised, but never delivered, by religion.Silva also differs from Kurzweil and Wissner-Gross in his view of emotion in coming human-analogous AIs. For example, he refers to Leonard Shlain’s Art & Physics, which Silva cites as pointing out that art and science are two sides of the same coin. Silva agrees that this appears to be supported by fMRI studies of human brain activity, which seem to show that their common ground lies in the emotional content of experience, as well as by very recent findings that visual encoding in the human ventral temporal (VT) cortex is common across individuals viewing the same movie content. “Truth,” concludes Silva, ”is a symphony.” Expert: AI computers by 2020 (PhysOrg.com) — In its essence, technology can be seen as our perpetually evolving attempt to extend our sensorimotor cortex into physical reality: From the earliest spears and boomerangs augmenting our arms, horses and carts our legs, and fire our environment, we’re now investigating and manipulating the fabric of that reality – including the very components of life itself. Moreover, this progression has not been linear, but instead follows an iterative curve of inflection points demarcating disruptive changes in dominant societal paradigms. Suggested by mathematician Vernor Vinge in his acclaimed science fiction novel True Names (1981) and introduced explicitly in his essay The Coming Technological Singularity (1993), the term was popularized by inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil in The Singularity is Near (2005). The two even had a Singularity Chat in 2002. More information: Part II: www.physorg.com/news/2011-12-f … logy-humanity_1.html Ray Kurzweil on “From Eliza to Watson to Passing the Turing Test” at Singularity Summit 2011 In his post-presentation press conference, Kurzweil was asked about the role of our evolutionarily-determined biological drives – and thereby motivation and emotion – as minds merge with machines and AI equals or surpasses human levels. Kurzweil noted that we have a remarkable ability to sublimate our drives, and we do so largely into innovation. Since he sees the purpose of technology as the transcendence of our biological limitations, one interpretation of his response is that he might well define human-like AI as being motivated by the goal of achieving unfettered, ever-accelerating innovation – and that achieving that goal will generate a positive AE (artificial emotional) state. Whether or not that’s the case, in an Australian Broadcasting Corporation interview earlier this year, Kurzweil has predicted that AI will achieve human-level emotional thought by roughly 2030: While the Singularity is not to be confused with the astronomical description of an infinitesimal object of infinite density, it can be seen as a technological event horizon at which present models of the future may break down in the not-too-distant future when the accelerating rate of scientific discovery and technological innovation approaches a real-time asymptote. Beyond lies a future (be it utopian or dystopian) in which a key question emerges: Evolving at dramatically slower biological time scales, must Homo sapiens become Homo syntheticus in order to retain our position as the self-acclaimed crown of creation – or will that title be usurped by sentient Artificial Intelligence? The Singularity and all of its implications were recently addressed at Singularity Summit 2011 in New York City.Vinge opens his groundbreaking 1993 essay with a fundamental definition of the Singularity: The acceleration of technological progress has been the central feature of this century. We are on the edge of change comparable to the rise of human life on Earth. The precise cause of this change is the imminent creation by technology of entities with greater-than-human intelligence. Science may achieve this breakthrough by several means (and this is another reason for having confidence that the event will occur):• Computers that are “awake” and superhumanly intelligent may be developed. (To date, there has been much controversy as to whether we can create human equivalence in a machine. But if the answer is “yes,” then there is little doubt that more intelligent beings can be constructed shortly thereafter.)• Large computer networks (and their associated users) may “wake up” as superhumanly intelligent entities.• Computer/human interfaces may become so intimate that users may reasonably be considered superhumanly intelligent.• Biological science may provide means to improve natural human intellect.For Kurzweil, the core of the Singularity remains the augmentation and surpassing of human biology through the accelerating evolution of technology (notably genetics, nanotechnology, and Artificial Intelligence) enabled by exponential increases in computational power and speed coupled plummeting costs and size. Not surprisingly, then, in his opening address, From Eliza to Watson to Passing the Turing Test, Kurzweil – ever the low-key evangelist – focused largely on what he described as the remarkable continuing evidentiary support for his original projections. He voiced a clear differentiation between basing our AI offspring using biologically-inspired principles and, alternatively, crafting biomorphic substrates: In short, he favors the former, viewing the latter as unnecessary. Explore further Citation: The future cometh: Science, technology and humanity at Singularity Summit 2011 (Part I) (2011, December 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-12-future-cometh-science-technology-humanity.html Kurzweil writes that, due to paradigm shifts, a trend of exponential growth extends Moore’s law from integrated circuits to earlier transistors, vacuum tubes, relays, and electromechanical computers. He predicts that the exponential growth will continue, and that in a few decades the computing power of all computers will exceed that of human brains, with superhuman artificial intelligence appearing around the same time. Courtesy of Ray Kurzweil and Kurzweil Technologies, Inc.
Facebook is serious about its user community following rules about what is posted on user and group pages. For that reason, they have added a section to the Support Dashboard for users that come across postings or pictures that break the rules so that they can be reported and removed. In looking at how Facebook handled such reports for objectionable photos, Kumar noticed that the code for sending the request could be viewed by the user making the request. He then discovered that the code could be modified as well. Normally, when a report is created it is sent to Facebook, where someone on staff looks at the picture in question and makes a judgment about whether to let it remain or to delete it. If they choose to let it remain, a message is created with a link in it and sent to the owner of the account that holds the photo. That person can then either choose to let the photo remain on their page, or can click the link to have it instantly removed. Kumar found that he could alter the address to which the message would be sent, which meant he could have it sent to himself, rather than the account holder. Once the message was received, he was then free to click the link to delete the photo. That meant he could delete photos from any account, personal or group—even those posted by others on someone’s page, without permission from them or Facebook, and without the knowledge of either. The owner of the page wouldn’t know anything had occurred unless they happened to notice a photo missing on their page.Kumar very carefully followed the rules Facebook has outlined for reporting vulnerabilities (he didn’t remove pictures from real user accounts, for example) and was handsomely rewarded for his efforts. He reports that Facebook has subsequently fixed the vulnerability. © 2013 Phys.org (Phys.org) —An electronics and communications engineer in India has been awarded a $12,500 bounty by Facebook for the discovery of a picture deleting vulnerability in the social network’s Support Dashboard. Arul Kumar details on his blog how he found the vulnerability, how it works and his communications with Facebook regarding the find. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Citation: Engineer receives $12,500 bounty from Facebook for discovering picture deletion vulnerability (2013, September 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-09-bounty-facebook-picture-deletion-vulnerability.html Vulnerability in Facebook’s OAuth allowed hacker full profile access
(Phys.org)—Astronomers have recently identified a peculiar bubble-like structure associated with an energetic pulsar known as PSR J1015−5719. The newly found feature, designated G283.1−0.59, is most likely a polar wind nebula. The findings were presented June 9 in a paper published on the arXiv pre-print server. More information: Discovery of a Synchrotron Bubble Associated with PSR J1015-5719, arXiv:1706.02978 [astro-ph.HE] arxiv.org/abs/1706.02978AbstractWe report the discovery of a synchrotron nebula, G283.1-0.59, associated with PSR J1015-5719. Radio observations using the Molonglo Observatory Synthesis Telescope and the Australia Telescope Compact Array at 36, 16, 6, and 3 cm reveal a complex morphology. The pulsar is embedded in the “head” of the nebula with fan-shaped diffuse emission. This is connected to a circular bubble of 20″ radius and a collimated tail extending over 1′. Polarization measurements show a highly ordered magnetic field in the nebula. It wraps around the edge of the head and shows an azimuthal configuration near the pulsar, then switches direction quasi-periodically near the bubble and in the tail. Together with the flat radio spectrum observed, we suggest that this system is most plausibly a pulsar wind nebula (PWN), with the head as a bow shock that has a low Mach number and the bubble as a shell expanding in a dense environment. The bubble could act as a magnetic bottle trapping the relativistic particles. A comparison with other bow-shock PWNe with higher Mach numbers shows similar structure and B-field geometry, implying that pulsar velocity may not be the most critical factor in determining the properties of these systems. We also derive analytic expressions for the projected standoff distance and shape of an inclined bow shock. It is found that the projected distance is always larger than the true distance in three dimensions. On the other hand, the projected shape is not sensitive to the inclination after rescaling with the projected standoff distance. © 2017 Phys.org Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Pulsar wind nebulae Citation: Astronomers discover bubble-like structure associated with the pulsar PSR J1015−5719 (2017, June 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-06-astronomers-bubble-like-pulsar-psr-j10155719.html ATCA radio intensity maps zoomed in at J1015 and the nebula G283.1−0.59 at 16, 6, and 3 cm. The 16 cm image is obtained from the off-pulse phase bins with the pulsar binning data. The crosses mark the pulsar positionand the beam sizes are shown in the lower left. Credit: Ng et al., 2017. Located some 16,600 light years away from the Earth, PSR J1015−5719 is an energetic pulsar with a spin period of 0.14 seconds and an estimated age of about 39,000 years. The pulsar was detected in 2003 by the Parkes Multibeam Pulsar Survey. Although PSR J1015−5719 is located near the gamma-ray source 3EG J1014−5705, so far no pulsed or persistent gamma-ray emission has been found at the pulsar position. Therefore, the possibility of association with this source was excluded by researchers. Moreover, follow-up infrared, optical, and X-ray observations also found no counterparts to this pulsar.Now, a team of astronomers led by C.-Y. Ng of the University of Hong Kong presents the results of new radio observations of PSR J1015−5719, which reveal an interesting structure associated with this pulsar. The observational campaign was conducted using the Molonglo Observatory Synthesis Telescope (MOST) and the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA), both located in Australia. The new data allowed the researchers to reveal a nebula consisting of a diffuse head, a circular bubble, and a collimated tail.”We report the discovery of a synchrotron nebula, G283.1−0.59, associated with PSR J1015−5719. Radio observations using the Molonglo Observatory Synthesis Telescope and the Australia Telescope Compact Array at 36, 16, 6, and 3 cm reveal a complex morphology. The pulsar is embedded in the ‘head’ of the nebula with fan-shaped diffuse emission. This is connected to a circular bubble of 20″ radius and a collimated tail extending over 1′,” the scientists wrote in the paper.According to the authors of the study, G283.1−0.59 is most likely a bow-shock pulsar wind nebula (PWN). PWNe are characterized by broadband synchrotron radiation from radio to X-ray bands when they are formed as a result of interaction of pulsar wind with the ambient medium. The morphology of bow-shock PWNe includes a long collimated tail with a small bow-shock standoff distance.The team revealed that morphology of G283.1−0.59’s head resembles the shape of a classical bow shock. The results also suggest a projected stand-off distance of about 20″. Therefore, the researchers argue that the morphology of the newly discovered nebula is similar to that of other PWNe.The hypothesis that G283.1−0.59 is associated with and thus powered by PSR J1015−5719 is based on the fact that the nebula is very close in projection to the pulsar.”We suggest that this is a newly identified bow-shock PWN associated with J1015. (…) Given its peculiar properties, a chance coincidence seems very unlikely,” the paper reads.The astronomers concluded that G283.1−0.59 is an interesting rare example of a slow moving bow-shock PWN, in which the pulsar spin axis misaligns with the proper motion direction.
His story is one of many triumphs — and a tragedy that he continues to dwell on many decades later. Read the whole story: NPR After we hear Kellie’s story, we meet Don Laub, a surgeon who, in his words, wanted to “do a big thing, and help a lot of people.” It’s always better to help someone than not, right? The ideas in the course carried over into Kellie’s life in London. Kellie was spending a lot of time at the British Library, and she often noticed the same young man on the street nearby. She could tell he was homeless. Her interactions with the man started simply, with Kellie giving him whatever spare change she had. But after a couple of months, she wanted to do more. We begin this episode in a virtual classroom. Several years ago Kellie Gillespie took an online course in social psychology, taught by Scott Plous of Wesleyan University. Hundreds of thousands of other people enrolled in the same online course. Kellie and her classmates were exposed to psychological concepts such as the norm of reciprocity: if you’re nice to someone, or you open up to them, they’re likely to do the same with you. They also learned about the power of empathy: when you put yourself in someone else’s shoes, the relationship you have with them profoundly changes.
Hamsa Moily’s book Homecoming-poems was released on Wednesday by politician and author Shashi Tharoor.The book which consists of a collection of 30 poems is published by Rupa Publications and includes a foreword by diplomat and successful littérateur Pavan Kumar Varma.The poems in the book speak about the mysteries of life and death; about love that is seamless and unconditional, about a yearning to turn a new leaf, a new life. These poems come from music through silences, which is nothingness, and from this nothingness these poems have arrived. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Commenting on the book, the minister of oils and gas, Veerappa Moily, father of Hamsa Moily said, ‘I am not here to talk about her book as a politician or a father, I speak from the perspective of an author. Hamsa’s poems reflect a certain purity which is rarely seen in the poems these days, her poems are devoid of the sense of self and pride which is very difficult for an author. I, myself have never been able to detach from my sense of self in my works.’ Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe poet, on the occassion, read out two of her poems including the one titled, Homecoming from the book and said, ‘I have written these poems in 30 days. Enclosed within the four walls of my room, these poems arose from my loneliness, from nothingness, from silence.’Hamsa moily is a Bharatanatyam dancer and an experimental choreographer. She has acted in a Tamil film, Shringaram, based on the lives of Devadasis.She has recently choreographed a Hindi play for children, Kyun Kyun Ladki, inspired by Mahashweta Devi’s book by the same name, and an English play for children written by Rabindranath Tagore. She describes herself as a seeker and a practitioner of yoga. If you are a literature lover, grab a copy of the book soon.
The nation is acquiring interest in documentary films, especially since the BBC’s documentary on Nirbhaya rape case created quite a stir in the International platform. Australian documentary films are nonetheless awe-inspiring as they also deal with interesting issues and are creatively presented to the audience. The national Capital also witnessed some of the Australian Documentaries as India International Centre hosted a film festival where award-winning documentaries were shown from July 23-25. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Two documentarians Martin Butler and Pat Fiske, who happened to be in the city for their documentary films, talked about film-making, Australian historical heritage and much more.When asked whether getting into film-making was harder than continuing in the industry, Martin Butler said, “Both are extremely hard but getting started is harder because one does not have the funds or contacts that would facilitate in becoming a documentary film-maker. Money is invested in your work once you gain experience in film-making. Experience makes it easier to get noticed.” Pat Fiske added, “During our time in the 70’s we had access to government funds which was provided to promote film-making and we could explore the art of film-making and learn on the job. At that time the government was putting in a lot of money so we learned by participating but nowadays film schools have come up which did not exist in our time (to Butler) wouldn’t you agree? To which Butler replied “Yes. It is indeed tough to become a documentarian and I suspect one has to be lucky.” Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixTalking about the industry, Butler added, “The Australian film industry is quite big compared to the size of the country and they make quite a number of feature films each year. It is nothing like the size of India obviously, but I think that Australia is stronger in documentary film-making. There are a number of complicated reasons for that but Australian films are bold and they take on interesting, confronting topics and subjects and use them in an innovative way. Indian audience should be advised to watch Australian films, especially, the documentaries. There are a lot of interesting subjects covered, I’d be surprised if they’re already covered in India.” Martin Butler talked about his documentary First Footprints, where he described Australia’s ancient history. He explained how it covers the history of fifty thousand years before the arrival of White Australians. He said, “It is generally assumed that the Aboriginal Australians were too primitive though the research has found out that they were technologically advanced. They were pioneers in sea faring being the first people in the world to cross the ocean. They had explored the ocean when nobody else did. They were also the first ones to make pictures and sculptures. If one would visit the remote areas of Australia, one would find such sculptures and paintings.” He added that Australia is also rich in cultural heritage like India.Pat Fiske, described her two documentary films Scarlet Rose and Love Marriage in Kabul that were shown in the festival.Scarlet Rose follows the extraordinary life of an Australian sex worker, Rachel Wotton. Impassioned about freedom of sexual expression and the rights of sex workers, she specializes in a long over-looked clientele —people with disability.In the documentary Love Marriage in Kabul, Mahboba Rawi is a strong-willed Afghan-Australian woman who has dedicated her life in helping orphans in Afghanistan. She is the founder of Mahboba’s Promise and a mother figure for thousands of orphans and widows currently supported by her programs. The story revolves around one of the girls from her orphanage who falls in love with a boy-next-door and all the problems that she faces in getting them married.
Kolkata: In an attempt to create panic among people, BJP supporters allegedly set fire to a West Bengal Transport Corporation (WBTC) bus on the southbound approach road of Brabourne Road flyover.While resisting the BJP supporters, two police personnel, including the Officer-in-Charge (OC) of Howrah Bridge traffic guard, received multiple injuries. A BJP supporter was injured as he got trapped inside the burning bus. School students and patients were also forced to get down from different vehicles to make the bandh a success in two different cases throughout the city. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAccording to the police, some miscreants boarded the bus from route C-7 (Howrah to Harimohan Ghosh College) acting as passengers, on Wednesday at around 1.40 pm. When the bus arrived near Pagaya Patty, the alleged hooligans started creating a ruckus, threatening the passengers and the bus driver.The panic stricken passengers deboarded the bus in a hurry. As the driver of the bus had also got panicked, he was not able to stop the bus in time and rammed it into a divider, before coming to a halt. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedAs the bus stopped, BJP supporters threw some inflammable material inside the bus and set it on fire. In the meantime, one of the BJP supporters somehow got trapped inside the bus, who was later identified as Sanjib Singh. Police and locals immediately joined hands to rescue Singh. Two fire tenders were pressed into action to douse the fire.At the same time, the OC of Howrah Bridge traffic guard Raj Kumar Singh and home guard of Sealdah traffic guard Bidesh Samanta got injured, while confronting the BJP supporters. Police later identified the two persons responsible for the incident and detained one of them. Sanjib has been admitted to the Medical College Hospital with multiple injuries.In another incident, a school bus packed with children was obstructed by BJP supporters near Ganganagar under Airport police station area on Wednesday morning.Sources informed that the children and teachers were forced toget down from the bus. The bandh supporters allegedly tried to ran-sack the bus but later stepped back after repeated requests from the teachers.Meanwhile, a patient and his family members were forced to get down from a taxi near Howrah Station. The taxi was then ransacked. Later, police intervened and arranged another taxi for the patient and his family. Police also dispersed the mob and secured the taxi driver as well.
Pratha Parv – a festival of folk, tribal and traditional cultural expressions of India is being presented by Sangeet Natak Akademi, a national academy of music, dance and drama and an autonomous body under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India.In a country as vast and layered with history, antiquity and diversity, it is the realm of performing arts in which a deep connection of various genres of art or skill can be seen weaving a continuity of expressions. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfTraditional cultural expressions also called ‘expressions of folklore’ may include music, dance, art, designs, names, signs and symbols, performances, ceremonies, architectural forms, handicrafts and narratives, or many other artistic or cultural expressions including the folk and tribal art. These, which essentially form parts of the identity and heritage of a traditional or indigenous community, are passed down from generation to generation, and are integral to the cultural and social identities of indigenous and local communities. They transmit core values and beliefs. And primarily, these notions are constantly developing and being recreated within the community ie the practitioners and connoisseurs and passed on to new generations as future protectors of the shared legacy. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe festival comprises presentations of diverse forms of performing arts, film screenings sourced from the meticulously cultivated archives of the Akademi exhibition and dissemination of various musical instruments, folk and traditional, from different states of the country (primarily North-East, Odisha, Kerala and Uttarakhand). The programme also includes interactive session with artists who will share their traditional methodologies and other related aspects that may bring forth the tangible and intangible aspects to incorporate verbal expressions or symbols (stories, epics, legends, tales, riddles), musical expressions (songs, instrumental music), expressions by action (dance form, play, ritual), tangible expressions (drawings, designs, paintings, body art, carvings, woodwork, metal work, jewellery, glassware, textiles, costumes) and intangible expressions reflecting traditional forms of thought and architectural forms. The festival is an opportunity to bringing into limelight and assimilating a variety of cultural aspects of the country, as defined as North, South, East, and West and the resplendent North-East. Each day of the festival is based on this cultural classification, which aims to enhance and safeguard the inherent plurality of the cultural identity that this country so strongly identifies with.
Kolkata: The state government has proposed to introduce the use of CNG as a pilot project for government vehicles. On Friday, Transport minister Suvendu Adhikari stated that the government has already taken up the issue with GAIL and it has been proposed that CNG will be supplied in tankers as no pipeline exists for the supply of CNG in the state. Later, in due course, pipelines will be laid after the experimental use of CNG sees success.On Friday, Adhikary inaugurated a transport expo in New Town. After inauguration, he informed that the state is mulling to crack down on vehicles aged more than 15 years coming from outside Kolkata, as per the direction of the National Green Tribunal to curb environmental pollution. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIntensive campaigns will be conducted with all wings in this regard. He said: “We will prevent the vehicles which are aged 15 years or more, from entering Kolkata from outside.” Apart from this, he also informed that the Chief Secretary has recently interacted with GAIL authorities, regarding the supply of CNG in Kolkata. Primarily, it will be supplied using tankers which are meant for government vehicles only. Later, pipelines will be laid to initiate full-fledged supply of CNG. “Our Chief Secretary has interacted with GAIL regarding the supply of CNG and GAIL has committed to him regarding the same. As of now, the lack of pipelines is the problem. Pipelines will be laid in future but it will take time,” the minister said. Transport secretary B P Gopalika has further informed that the CNG supplied by GAIL will primarily be available only for government vehicles as a pilot project.
With sedentary lifestyle being one of the biggest reasons causing infertility, doctors say consumption of artificially sweetened sodas and aerated drinks may also lead to infertility in humans.Aerated drinks contain an artificial sweetener, aspartame, which can disrupt the endocrine system leading to hormonal imbalance and infertility issues in women.”Almost all of the soft drinks and sodas contain aspartame which is linked to many health problems including infertility, malformations and miscarriages,” said Arvind Vaid, an IVF expert at city-based Indira IVF. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”Excess consumption leads to hormonal imbalance and fluctuation that causes ovulatory disorders and even worsens PMS (Premenstrual symptoms),” he added.Stating that phenylalanine and aspartic acids are the two amino acids present in aspartame considered natural and harmless when eaten in combination with other amino acids, the experts said when they are taken unaccompanied, it stimulates the generation of free radicals which leads to cell death.”Sperm and ovum, being cells, have 90 per cent chances of dying when this is consumed in excess. It is advised by many doctors and experts to avoid anything that helps in the formation of free radicals in the body for the significance of reproductive health,” said Vaid. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveRachna Jaiswar, associated with Gynaecology Department of Safdarjung Hospital, said consumption of sugary aerated drinks restrains the immune system causing weight gain and hormonal imbalance, which strongly contributes to fertility issues. “Soda is a highly acidic beverage, which alters the pH level of the body with excess consumption,” said Jaiswar.Talking about the high consumption of aerated drinks and sodas by men, Jaishwar said due to lack of nutrients in a high pH atmosphere, sperm cells either get harmed leading to its abnormal shape and poor quality or eventually die. “Moreover Bisphenol-A (BPA), a chemical that reduces the male semen quality, is found in the lining of plastic bottles and most canned goods. Men who consume soft drinks more often are at 4 times the risk of lowering their sperm count, motility and concentration,” said Jaiswar.Doctors also said most of the soft drinks are caffeinated and contain fructose, which are associated with a higher risk of ovulatory disorders and infertility among women. “Caffeine is known to be a vasoconstrictor that reduces uterine blood flow thereby reducing menstrual bleeding and shortening the duration of menses. Combination of caffeine, aspartame and fructose affects the sex hormones and the hormone receptors, even leading to infertility,” said Radhika Vajpayee, IVF expert based in Lucknow.
How many times have you tried and failed at achieving that fit, no-flab body? ‘Eat good, feel good’ only remains as a saying for many people who ‘cannot resist the desire of that one last sweet bite off the brownie. With changing situations many are turning towards food with high nutrition value. But compromising with taste just to eat a healthy snack doesn’t really make one happy. “A healthy diet doesn’t have to be devoid of carbs or fats, when you can simultaneously make healthy delicious,” said Chef Vinod Saini, Master Chef Indian, The Leela Palace, who at Banarsidas Chandiwala Institute of Hotel Management and Catering, recently judged a hospitality competition organised by Association of Hospitality Professionals. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe Chef has suggested some scrumptious recipes that can be easily made and is a healthy yet tasty option for people who want to eat well:QUINOA SALAD:Quinoa is the most protein rich food and contains twice as much as fibre as other grains. Ingredients Qty Quinoa Grains white 30 gmsQuinoa Grains black 50 mlAssorted nuts 20 mlOrange Segments 70 gmsGrapefruit segments 70 gmsChopped parsley 5 gmsFresh Strawberries 100 gmsCherry tomatoes 80 gmsDried cranberries 60 ml Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveMandarins juice 100 mlMixed Lettuce 30gmsSalt to taste Honey Lemon Vinaigrette dressing 40mlMethodBoil water in a large saucepan. Add both Quinoa black/white separately and let it cool in fridge. Chop the nuts and citrus fruits length wise along with strawberries. Keep the dried cranberries whole and cut the cherry tomatoes into halves. Mix everything together gently and add dressing and a pinch of salt. Serve chilled.Wild rice khichadi:Ingredients Qty Wild rice 40gmsBrown rice 30gmsBroccoli 100gmsGreen beans 80gemsOlive oil 70mlCrushed pepper 2gmsGinger chopped 5 gmsCherry tomatoes 50 gmsFresh coriander 20 gmsChop green chilli 10 gmsCoconut milk 80 mlMethod of preparationSoak wild and brown rice separately for half an hour and then boil them by adding salt. Blanch broccoli and green beans and keep aside. Take a thick bottom saucepan, add olive oil and sauté green chilli and ginger with vegetables. Add boiled rice and cook for few minutes and then add cherry tomatoes and coconut milk. Garnish with chopped coriander and serve.
Khadi has once again proved that despite all odds, its growth would not decelerate in any case.In the recently concluded 37th edition of India International Trade Fair (IITF) at Pragati Maidan, the Khadi and village industries recorded a growth of 19.38 percent in its average sale with respect to its sale in the 36th edition of IITF last year. And, this despite the fact that total space allotted to Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) this year was only 1400 sq meters, which was less than half of the 3000 sq meters space allotted last year. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe average sale in each stall of Khadi unit was recorded nearly Rs 5.53 lakh this year, which is higher than last year’s figure of around Rs 5 lakh. Similarly, in Village Industries unit, the average sale in each stall this year was nearly Rs 3.27 lakh, which is Rs 86,000 higher than last year’s figure of Rs 2.4 lakh.Due to crunch of adequate space, the KVIC could incorporate only 90 institutions on stalls in the 37th of IITF. Last year, the KVIC had allotted as many as 195 stalls of Khadi and Village Industries units. While the sales percentage in 2016 was 50.95 and 49.05 for Khadi and Village industries products respectively, it was 74.9 and 25.1 percent respectively for Khadi and Village industries products this year. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveKVIC Chairman, Vinai Kumar Saxena said that the growth in average sale indicates that Khadi and village industries products were hit among the buyers. “The KVIC stalls caught the attention of several representatives of embassies and High Commissions in India. Students of several fashion designing institutes and esteemed universities also visited our stall, to learn how the instrument of self-reliance has become a tool of economic transformation in modern India,” he said.
To mark the martyrdom day of Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi, an All-Faith Prayer Meeting was organised by the Office of the Resident Commissioner, Government of West Bengal, at the West Bengal Information and Cultural Centre in the Capital.Participants from Guru Harkrishan Public School India Gate, Union Academy Senior Secondary School, Shafiq Memorial Senior Secondary School, Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi, Ahlcon International School, ASN Senior Secondary School and St Columba’s School took part in the solemn ceremony, reciting shlokas, religious texts, and devotional songs. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf’Concert for Harmony’ – a musical ensemble – was presented on the occasion by eminent musicians from Nadd Foundation, with Durjay Bhaumik on Tabla, Monohar Balatchandirane on Mridangam, Tuhin Chakraborty on Tabla, Shounak Banerjee on Ghatam, Ravinder Rajput on Flute and Lavinya Ambade on Sitar. The event concluded with the rendering of ‘Vaishnava Jana To’. A photo-exhibition on ‘150 years of Mahatma Gandhi’ was also organised at the Muktadhara Art Gallery.
Kolkata: A day after criticising the Central government for the highest unemployment rate in the country in 45 years, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Monday urged youths to raise questions on growing joblessness.Banerjee also promised her support to youths on the occasion of the International Youth Day. “Today is International #YouthDay. In #Bangla, we celebrate Youth Day on January 12, Swami Vivekananda’s birth anniversary. I appeal to the youth, the students & the new generation: be strong and ask for answers. There is no answer to unemployment problems,” she tweeted. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata Referring to the Central government data that put West Bengal at the top of the states with highest GDP growth, the chief minister said unemployment in the state has dipped by 45 per cent under her government’s rule. “Our State #Bangla has brought down unemployment by 45%. The GDP growth of #Bangla is highest in the country. My support is always with the youth, students and the new generation. May you be inspired to reach new heights,” she said. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state On Sunday, Baneeje had said West Bengal topped the list of states in terms of SGDP, at 12.58 per cent in 2018-19. “West Bengal achieves No 1 position in the country in growth rate. As per reports of Govt of India, growth rate of West Bengal for the financial year 2018-19 is 12.58%, the highest in India. Our achievement is in sharp contrast to the state of deep recession and complete policy paralysis perpetrated by Central Government leading to significant decline of overall growth rate of the country and highest unemployment in 45 years,” she had written in a Facebook post. As per the government data, the unemployment rate in the state was at 6.1 per cent in 2018-19.(With inputs from Indian Express)
The Oceanic Steam Navigation Company, more familiarly known as the White Star Line, built transatlantic ships in England from 1845 to 1934. In 1854, one of their ships, the largest ship in the world at the time, sailed from Liverpool heading for Australia on its maiden voyage carrying cargo and 652 souls. The ship sank about five miles from Dublin Bay after running aground, and 380 people were lost. Wait! Wasn’t the Titanic going to New York with over 1,000 people on board? While the story is similar, this was the RMS Tayleur, built in 1853, almost 60 years before the Titanic.The Original RMS TitanicAccording to wrecksite.eu, the Tayleur was a fully rigged iron sailing ship with three decks, 230 feet long with a water displacement of 1,750 tons. It carried 4,000 tons of cargo, 71 crew members and 650 passengers. Most of the passengers were young families who had brought their life savings to start a new life in Australia. The captain was 27-year-old John Noble, who had been sailing for most of his life. The Tayleur was the pride of the White Star Line as it was, at the time, the largest and fastest merchant ship to sail British waters.RMS TayleurThe problems with the ship that ultimately lead to her demise were that the three sail masts were too far apart, which unbalanced the ship. The rudder was much too small for a ship of that size causing difficulty in changing direction, and, finally, the three compasses on board didn’t work properly because of the iron hull.The crew had only 15 men who were experienced sailors and many could not speak English. The captain showed concern for the problems, but the White Star Line pushed him to set sail for public relations purposes. With misgivings, Noble set sail on January 19, 1854, headed for Melbourne, Australia.White Star Line routes and steamer fleet, 1923They soon found themselves in the Irish Sea battling a storm with gale force winds and heavy fog. With no working compasses, Noble thought he was traveling south but was, in fact, traveling west toward Ireland. The crew didn’t know how to pull in the sails, and passengers with experience had to help.RMS TayleurThe new ropes kept getting stuck, and one sail had been ripped. Noble got no sleep that night worrying about the storm and stayed on deck. The experienced passengers tried to tell Noble that they thought the ship was heading west, but he refused to listen to them. On the morning of January 21st, one of the sailors had spotted land and called out with the ship less than a mile from the black rocks on Lambay Island, a few miles from Dublin Bay.Lambay Island. Photo by Joseph Mischyshyn CC BY-SA 2.0Although the captain tried to turn the ship, the small rudder was useless. He called for the two anchors to be dropped, but the chains broke. As a Hail Mary, Noble attempted to bring the ship onto the rocks sideways to allow passengers to get off onto the rocks. The strong waves pushed the ship in and out, and it struck the rocks multiple times until it started to sink.Related Video: Top 10 Famous Shipwrecks in HistoryThere were not enough lifeboats on board, and, even if there were, they would not have been useful in the stormy seas. The crew panicked and were more concerned with saving themselves than helping passengers. Many passengers rushed up on deck and were swept off the ship by the high waves.Most of those that attempted to jump onto the rocks were killed when they landed. Several attempts were made to fashion a type of bridge to the rocks, but so many people trying to get on at one time caused every effort to fail, dropping people into the sea.Men pushed women and children out of the way to save themselves. Soon the waves that washed onto shore were full of dead bodies mutilated by hitting the rocks again and again, many of them children. Noble was the last to leave the ship when he was waist deep in water.Dinner service recovered from the TayleurThe inquiries that followed attempted to blame the captain, just as they did with the Titanic. The History Vault tells us, not only had Noble gone without sleep for two days because of the incompetence of his crew, but, before the first launch, he had fallen 25 feet into the hold, most probably giving him a traumatic brain injury causing questionable decisions. The White Star Line was eventually blamed for equipping the ship with faulty instruments and rushing the departure date.Read another story from us: The RMS Olympic – Titanic’s Twin Ship which had a Dramatic Fate of its OwnAuthor Gill Hoffs has done extensive research on the wreck and published a book, RMS Tayleur: The Lost Story of the ‘Victorian Titanic’ in 2015. She goes into extensive detail regarding the shipwreck, the aftermath, a cover up, and how it affected the White Star Line and British society.
Field of Dreams is becoming a reality in 2020, when the New York Yankees will take on the Chicago White Sox in a regular season game at Dyersville Farm in Iowa, site of the original movie, on August 13. The 1989 fantasy baseball movie has become a true American classic. 30 years after Kevin Costner heard the immortal words “If you build it, he will come”, a regular season game will be played where the film was shot. MLB (Major League Baseball) has announced some building work of their own. While a ballpark was created for the original shoot, a temporary stadium holding 8,000 will be put up nearby for the special event.Day 1 of the @MLB process….Corn has been removed for the new field (brown area) #gothedistance pic.twitter.com/1rB2Nqc5BT— Field Of Dreams Movie Site (@fodmoviesite) August 16, 2019CNN reports that “A pathway through a cornfield will take fans to the ballpark, which will overlook the famous movie location. The right field wall will include windows to show the cornfields beyond the ballpark.”Field of Dreams movie location. Photo by IowaPolitics CC by 2.0Field of Dreams would be nothing without its fields. The baseball diamond stretched across two farms, on land owned by the Lansing and Ameskamp families respectively. The Field of Dreams Movie Site explains how Don Lansing was approached by a representative who knocked on the door.The Field of Dreams house“What, are you dreaming, or what?” he responded when asked if his site could be used as a movie location. “The only people who come around here are insurance salesman.” Lansing’s initial retort was prophetic – at the time dreams weren’t part of the project’s title. It was originally called Shoeless Joe, after the source novel by W.P. Kinsella.Shoeless Joe Jackson during his 1913 season with the Cleveland Naps.Lansing agreed to the request, liking the sound of a movie about baseball. Little did he suspect, but it would become arguably the best baseball flick of all time. The story concerns Costner’s character Ray, a farmer who receives supernatural instructions to build a baseball field amongst the corn.Related Video:Despite financial hardship and scepticism, Ray’s vision comes to a powerful fruition. Field of Dreams resonates today, especially in the state where it was set. CNN quote Iowa governor Kim Reynolds, who says it “captures the uniqueness of Iowans’ can-do attitude”.Variety spoke to writer/director Phil Alden Robinson about the movie for the 30th anniversary. He revealed the film is so powerful, it gave rise to a general misconception. For some the key line of dialogue goes, “If you build it, THEY will come.”Group shot of the 1919 Black Sox. They would after this year be known as the “Black Sox Scandal” team, due to the allegation that eight members of the team accepted bribes to lose the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds.“It’s called the Mandela effect,” Robinson said, “people who swear they’ve seen something that really didn’t happen… There was some website devoted to people saying, ‘I know for a fact… it said, ‘if you build it, they will come’ and Universal changed it.” Robinson never revealed who delivered the line, lending the film even greater mystery.Field of Dreams also had deep significance for the cast and crew. Burt Lancaster played the mythical Archibald “Moonlight” Graham. It was his final role on the big screen. As for Costner, he’d already made baseball picture Bull Durham (1988) but enjoyed the script, comparing the story to It’s A Wonderful Life.Earlier this year Costner was interviewed on the Dan Patrick Show, giving short shrift to a flippant question. As written in The Hollywood Reporter, Paulie Pabst asked “when they pitched you Field of Dreams, you were at your peak of stardom, did you ever think, ‘This could be really silly?’”. Costner’s no-nonsense reply contained a four letter word!Related Article: 10 Reasons why ‘Broadway Joe’ Namath was the Coolest Athlete EverThe production may have wrapped decades ago, but tourism boomed over the years. It wasn’t all plain sailing for the Lansings and Ameskamps, who reportedly had disputes over the direction of the site. In 2012 the land was sold to Go The Distance, who welcome over 100,000 visitors per year.FOX will televise the forthcoming game, which should recapture the magic of Field of Dreams whilst introducing new generations to this enduring movie experience.CORRECTION: A previous version of this article mistakenly said the Yankees were playing the Red Sox. It is the White Sox playing, not the Red Sox. The correction was made on 8/17/20.
Advertisement If you think your kid has a chance to be a top level soccer player, this video will change your mind.It shows a Bayern Munich youth academy member murdering a technical training obstacle course with Messi-like precision. The prodigy blows through the whole session without making so much as one mistake.He even finishes off two volleys by neatly tucking them in the top corner with German efficiency.No name was attributed to the kid anywhere in the video, but it shouldn’t be long before he pops up on the radar. Checkout the incredible display:“@TransferRelated: Bayern Munich academy player with some serious talent ?[@AssassinsSoccer] pic.twitter.com/SQGQGLoe92“— Ndoko (@Ndoks16) March 9, 2017
Advertisement Not even the stuffy halls of our hallowed academic institutions can stop March Madness.One group of students executed a last second buzzer beater in honor of the madness that transformed a boring Wingate University class into a frenzy worthy of a Sweet 16 buzzer beater.The students passed a wad of paper around the class that culminated in one clutch undergrad sinking a no-look shot from across the room.The teacher was left wondering what the hell happened as the class went bananas and the shot maker was carried out of the room by his classmates. Check out the clutch shot:When March Madness hits the classroom ? pic.twitter.com/oZvwZEp2dL— Samuel Grubbs (@SamuelGrubbs1) March 19, 2017